LA21 Newsletter Spring 2010
2 Diary dates
3 Free home energy audits
4 10:10 campaign
5 Gardening for life survey
7 Other project group activities
8 Feed in tariffs
9 10:10 campaign – a personal story
10 Met Office view on climate change
Hello everyone. We are now well into a new year, with a reasonable amount of time elapsed from the disappointing Copenhagen negotiations and the Climategate scandals.
It is apparent that it is as important as ever that we as individuals set the standards for the future we wish to see. So this newsletter will keep you up to date on local activities together with local actions you can take to participate in building a world where climate change is mitigated, we use only our fair share of resources and we work towards achieving global equity.
In particular, we wish to promote building community, sharing, and a positive vision of the future. Whilst there has been a lot of debate about the reality of climate change, there is no sense in delaying actions that we will need to take whether or not global temperatures rise. Virtually all the actions that are required to mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions are also required to achieve a just and sustainable future. Peak Oil, whether it has already happened or is in the wings, is an inevitability, so moving to a carbon free and low resource usage future is a ‘no-brainer’.
So lets all start getting really serious about this future we want to build!
2. Diary dates
- 5 June To commemorate World Environment day the Lightbox, together with LA21 and CIOB will be repeating its successful fun day. There will be a range of fun activities and information about how to make your home more energy efficient, together with activities for children arranged by Surrey Wildlife Trust. Watch http://www.thelightbox.org.uk/ for details.
WAVS are also staging their volunteer day the same day in the town centre, so why not pop in and find out how you can contribute to making a better world.
- 12 June St Johns Fete
- 23 June free public event, which will combine a talk by a leading public figure with our AGM, on at 7.30 pm at the HG Wells centre.
Tim Jackson, a commissioner with the Sustainable Development Commission will be speaking on ‘Prosperity without Growth, is it time to rethink economic growth?’
Is more economic growth the solution? Will it deliver prosperity and well-being for a global population projected to reach nine billion?
Tim Jackson – a top sustainability adviser to the UK government – made a compelling case against continued economic growth in developed nations in his explosive and highly acclaimed book, Prosperity without Growth.
He provides a credible vision of how human society can flourish – within the ecological limits of a finite planet. Fulfilling this vision is simply the most urgent task of our times.
Come and find out more about this new vision for Western society to transition to a sustainable economy from the author himself. We will also be providing a short update on our latest project activities.
- 17 July Knaphill Village show
Guildford Environment Forum events
- Thursday 29 April
Roland Clift, Professor Emeritus, Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey and President
of the International Society for Industrial Ecology:
“Invisible Impacts: the Environmental Effects of Everyday Purchases”.
1900. Committee Room 1, GBC Millmead Offices. (Liquid refreshments from 1845)
- Wednesday 12 May
GEF Annual General Meeting followed by a presentation by Mike Waite from Surrey Wildlife Trust:
“Surrey Wildlife Trust’s Living Landscape Project”.
1900. Council Chamber, GBC Millmead Offices. (Liquid refreshments from 1830)
Surrey Wildlife Trust events
- 3 May– Dusk Bat walk along the Basingstoke canal
- Surrey Springwatch Wild Day Out. Sunday 6 June 10-4 at Shalford Park, Guildford.For more info contact: firstname.lastname@example.org .
- 24 June Insect week – Insect training day at Pucks Oak Barn – free for environmental groups – everything you want to know about insects! 11.00am – 3.00pm
- 10 Aug Family day on Horsell Common- nature trail and children’s photo competition 10.00am-12.30 organised by Woking Volunteer Group of SWT.
3. Free home energy audits
Why don’t you have a free home energy audit and save on your energy bills?
Woking LA21 is offering free home energy audits. Trained by the Energy Saving Trust and with CRB clearance, our auditors spend an hour with you at your home at a time of your convenience, identifying areas where you can make the most energy savings for the least financial outlay. Contact email@example.com to find out how you can sign up for an audit.
4. Why don’t you sign up to the 10:10 campaign
If you want to join a growing band of people who have committed to saving 10% of their greenhouse gas emissions during this year then why don’t you sign up to the 10:10 campaign?
At http://www.1010uk.org/people#how_can_we you can find a fridge sticker with 10 suggestions for how to save your 10%. Tick off each one and you will be surprised by how much you will have reduced your impact by the end of the year.
5. Gardening for Life survey
A final reminder for those of you who have not yet completed the Gardening for Life wildlife garden survey, it is available to download at http://sites.google.com/site/wokingla21/Home/gardening-for-life
A reminder that a good way to avoid sending extra materials to landfill is to try finding a home for unwanted items with Freegle: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/recyclewoking/
7. Other Project group activities.
Food –we are always looking for more people to get involved with food growing activities in Woking. If you would like to help this happen then do contact us.
Low Carbon Homes – we work in close liaison with Action Woking who run frequent tours of Oak Tree house, their demonstration house at Knaphill. To find out when the next tour is contact firstname.lastname@example.org
8. Feed In Tariff (FIT) – or the “Clean Energy Cashback”
This scheme will come into effect on 1st April 2010. It is a financial incentive for new* installations of renewable energy technology that generate electricity.
Under the scheme, energy suppliers will make regular payments to householders and communities who generate their own electricity. The funding for the Cashback will come from a levy on all electricity sold in the UK, and is estimated to cost about £8.50 per household per year
According to the Energy Saving Trust, a domestic Solar PV installation could give you an income of £700 a year in addition to the savings you make on your electricity bill. The income is free of income tax.
The old grant scheme called Low Carbon Buildings Programme now no longer provides funding for installing renewable electricity systems.
The idea of the new scheme is to encourage small-scale installations, such as Solar PV on houses, schools and business premises. These installations will reduce carbon emissions and count towards the UK’s target of 15% renewable energy by 2020.
Other renewable electricity technologies like wind turbines and small-scale hydro are covered by the scheme, but this note focuses on ‘Grid-connected’ Solar PV since wind and hydro are unlikely to be suitable for use in Woking, and off-grid installations are less common. If you want to find out about these other technologies, try the Energy Saving Trust webpages.
A grid-connected Solar PV installation connects to the building wiring so that your electrical appliances automatically use your own electricity as first choice. If you are generating more than you are using, the excess is sent to the grid – called ‘exporting’. If you are using more than you are generating, you buy electricity from the grid to top up your own – called ‘importing’. All this happens automatically once your system has been commissioned.
You get paid for all the electricity you generate, whether you use it or you export it to the grid. You also get a smaller payment for the electricity you export. These payments are in addition to the bill savings made by using your own electricity instead of from the grid.
A standard ‘grid-connected’ Solar PV installation does not include any batteries, so it does not give you a back up in case the mains fails. Also, if the mains does fail, your Solar PV system will shut down and will not supply your house.
* If you already have Solar PV and it was installed after 15 July 2009, you are still eligible for the full rate Feed in Tariff. If your installation pre-dates 15 July 2009, you are eligible for a lower tariff called the ROC transfer tariff.
How the Feed in Tariff works
As an example, a domestic solar electricity system with a rated size of 2 kW(peak) could earn around:
- £700 per year from the Generation Tariff
- £25 per year from the Export Tariff
- £110 per year reduction in current electricity bills.
i.e. a total saving of around £830 per year.
In this example 50% of the electricity generated is exported. This figure will vary through the year and depends on how usage pattern matches your solar generation.
Note that 2 kWp is probably slightly larger than could typically be accommodated on a modern 2-storey house.
How much does it cost, and what is the payback?
A standard roof mounted Solar PV system of 2 kWp will typically cost around £11-12,000. If unshaded and facing south or close to south, it can generate up to 2000 kWh per year. A typical household in the South-east consumes around 4000-5000 kWh per year.
Payback of about 8% per year is likely. So even if electricity prices don’t go up, you would recoup your initial outlay in about 12 years. If they do go up, the payback period will be shorter.
Tariffs for Solar PV
Solar PV up to 4kWp fitted to an existing building 41.3p per kWh (unit)
Solar PV up to 4kWp fitted to a new building 36.1p per kWh
Export Tariff 3p per Kwh
(Rates for other technologies like wind turbines are on the EST website)
- The rates are guaranteed for 25 years for installations completed between 15 July 2009 and 31 March 2012. After that date, rates offered will be lower.
- These tariff rates are linked to the Retail Price Index, so they will increase in line with inflation
- To claim for exported units you will need to have an ‘Export Meter’ installed. This is separate to the ‘Generation Meter’ that measures the total units your solar PV has produced. From the example above, you can see that the income from exported units is much smaller, and you may decide that the additional cost of an Export Meter is not justified. As an interim measure, DECC has announced that at the very small scale, the amount of exports for the payment of export tariffs can be deemed (estimated), subject to the following:
- These arrangements will only apply until the finalising of specifications for smart meters
- These arrangements do not apply if export meters exist already, or are provided at the generator’s expense
Installing Solar PV
To qualify for the feed in tariff:
- You must install new (not secondhand) equipment.
- You must use a trained and qualified supplier to provide the system and to install it – one who is accredited under the Microgeneration Certification Scheme MCS)
(Installing grid-connected Solar PV is definitely not a DIY job. Besides the safety aspects of working on a roof, only accredited persons are allowed to connect generating systems to the grid.)
The most common installation comprises a number of panels laid on top of the existing roof tiles, and bolted through to the roof timbers. Alternatives are to mount them on a flat roof on stands which angle them to face the sun. Least common, but possible, is to install them on stands in the garden. Finally, it is possible to get roof tiles that incorporate Solar PV modules.
Panels should be sited to face as close as possible to due south and be as free as possible from shading, e.g. trees or adjoining buildings. Stand mountings should be fixed or ballasted to prevent damage from winds.
Panels come in many different sizes, and can be square or oblong in shape. Your supplier should be able to design an installation to best match your available roof space, by choosing suitable size / shaped panels. Generally, the bigger the panel, the more power it will generate. There are slight variations in efficiency across manufacturers and models.
As a general rule of thumb (at the time of writing), a panel area of 10sq metres will have a generating capacity of about 1.5kWp.
Planning permission is usually not required if the panels are fitted to a pitched roof, but may be required if they are installed on a flat roof or on ground mounted stands. It is your responsibility to check. On listed buildings, other considerations apply.
As well as the panels, your installation will have an Inverter, a Generation Meter, isolation switches, and possibly an Export Meter. This ancillary equipment can be mounted in the loft or if you want to read the meters more conveniently, you could have them installed elsewhere in the house. The grid connection is taken to your electricity consumer unit, and needs a spare ‘way’ to take a standard miniature circuit breaker.
See typical Solar PV panels and ancillary equipment here – n.b. there are other suppliers.
Your installer should contact the company who provides the mains grid connection into your house – normally EDF in Woking – to tell them that your installation is complete and to register it under the G83 regulations. You should have a warning label fitted close to your main electricity meter to advise engineers that there is an on-site generator.
The final step is to check that your electricity supplier is participating in the scheme and will be able to pay for your electricity. If not you will have to switch supplier.
Generating your own electricity will offset some of your household carbon emissions. But it is still important to manage your overall energy consumption – for example by switching off appliances and lights when not needed, and making efficient use of hungry appliances like dishwashers, washing machines and tumble driers. That way you will reduce the demands placed on the grid and the carbon emissions produced by centralised power stations running on coal and gas.
For example – it’s better to consume 4000 units a year and offset half of them, than to consume a total of 5000 units a year and use a bigger Solar PV system to offset 2500 units.
Will I be eligible to receive the tariff if I move into a home that already has an electricity generating technology?
FIT eligibility remains with the installation, even if the ownership of the home or generating technology changes. Therefore the technology must have been eligible before you move in, even if it is not registered yet.
What happens if I move home?
Ownership of the technology is linked to the site and, therefore, in the case where a building or homeownership changes, the ownership of the technology would also transfer to the new owner.
I rent my property. If my landlord installs an electricity generating technology, who would receive the FITs?
It will be up to landlords and tenants of domestic or commercial property to come to an arrangement about the receipt of payments and on-site electricity use benefits.
Radio programme about Feed In Tariff from the Ecologist Magazine website
9. 10:10 campaign – Sarah’s experience with the 10:10 pledge
Sarah Johns, a member of LA21 tells of her experiences taking the 10:10 pledge.
“Hi, I’m the Editor of Horsell’s Resident magazine and a member of the Horsell Residents’ Association. At New Year’s Eve, I volunteered (in public) to sign up to the 10:10 campaign to reduce my family’s carbon emissions by 10 per cent in 2010.
First off, I followed the link from the LA21 website to the carbon calculator at http://www.footprint.wwf.org.uk, which calculated our carbon footprint as 7.31 tonnes per annum, or the equivalent of almost two planet Earths! It also told me that most of our carbon footprint is generated by our home, so that was the first thing to tackle.
I decided to try out a couple of the top ‘cut your carbon emissions’ tips from the 10:10 campaign (www.1010.org.uk). Tip 1: Reduce your use of central heating by 10% this year. Hmmmm …. this one is a bit of a work in progress. We live in one of those Victorian cottages in Well Lane. Very pretty, but useless insulation-wise.
When we both started to wear hats and scarves in the house, I knew it was time to admit defeat and turn up the thermostat. But on the plus side, we have been using the freplace a lot, burning all the wood we collected over the year. Wonder how much carbon that adds to the atmosphere though?
Tip 2: Use 10% less electricity. This one is going well. Father Christmas bought us an Owl wireless electricity monitor this year. I’m not the most technically minded person, but it was really easy to set up. And this Owl is truly wise – the big display on the wireless receiver shows you exactly how much electricity you are using (or cash you are burning).
It constantly updates so you can see the difference when you turn electrical stuff on and off. The receiver now sits on our sideboard and does tricks for visitors…. ‘ooh, look what happens when you turn on the kettle!’, ‘Turn all the lights off, let’s see if we can get it to zero!’ etc.
And so the OWL was my new favorite toy … right up until the new green and silver waste food bins from Woking Borough Council were delivered. My family are already proud owners of a green plastic compost bin, which eats most of our veggie and garden waste. But I always hated throwing away food I couldn’t compost at home, so the new collection service is great. So far the green box has resisted curious foxes, and the weekly collection is ideal – I’m hoping it will cut down on whiffy black bins in the summer. Aaah summer … can’t wait!”
10. Want to find out more about the Met Office view on the climate change debate?
Climate change and human influence
5 March 2010
A Met Office review of the latest climate research confirms our planet is changing rapidly and man-made greenhouse gas emissions are very likely to be the cause. Long-term changes in our climate system have been observed across the globe, from shifts in rainfall patterns to a decline in Arctic sea-ice. The changes follow the pattern of expected climate change and bear the ‘fingerprint’ of human influence, providing the clearest evidence yet that human activity is impacting our climate.
The science reveals a consistent picture of global change that clearly bears the fingerprint of man-made greenhouse gas emissions. This shows the evidence of climate change has gone beyond temperature increases — it is now visible across our climate system and all regions of the planet. Our climate is changing now and it’s very likely human activity is to blame.”
MET Office Chief Scientist Prof. Julia Slingo answers the questions our website users have asked about climate change.